Climate Research (WCRP)
The World Climate Research Progamme (WCRP) is governed by an Agreement signed in 1993 between ICSU, WMO and IOC which makes the programme a collaborative undertaking of the three organizations (superseding an earlier Agreement in 1980 between ICSU and WMO).
The mission of WCRP is to facilitate analysis and prediction of Earth's climate system variability and change for use in an increasing range of practical applications of direct relevance, benefit and value to society. The overall objective of the WCRP is to develop the fundamental scientific understanding of the physical climate system and climate processes needed to determine to what extent climate can be predicted and the extent of man’s influence on climate.
The main foci of WCRP research are:
- Observing changes in the components of the Earth system (atmosphere, oceans, land and cryosphere) and at the interfaces among these components;
- Improving knowledge and understanding of global and regional climate variability and change, and of the mechanisms responsible for this change;
- Assessing and attributing significant trends in global and regional climates;
- Developing and improving numerical models and predictive techniques that are capable of simulating, predicting, and assessing the climate system for a wide range of space and time scales;
- Investigating the sensitivity of the climate system to natural and human-induced forcing and estimating the changes resulting from specific disturbing influences;
- Facilitating the translation of climate research results to useful information and knowledge for practical applications in sustainable development and climate services.
In addition to these primary tasks, the WCRP cooperates, as appropriate, with its partners in the Earth System Science Partnership, namely the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), the International Human Dimensions Programme (IHDP) and DIVERSITAS, in order to introduce the chemical, biological, ecological and socio-economic dimensions into models and field studies of the environment, thus promoting further advances in the knowledge of the total Earth system and the understanding of global change in support of sustainable development and global climate services.