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Home > About ICSU > Structure > Executive Board

Executive Board

2011-2014

From Scientific Unions

Orhan Altan

Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS)

Altan.jpgOrhan Altan served twice as Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Civil Engineering and in the period of 1994-97; he worked also as Head of the Department of Geodesy and Photogrammetry. He is Member of the Turkish Chambers of Civil Engineers and Surveying Engineers, and Turkish Societies for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, for Geodesy and Geophysics, for Geotechnics and for Rock Mechanics.

Between 1978 and 1980 he worked as liaison officer between ISPRS Commissions V and VII, in non-topographical applications of photogrammetry. He is member of the German Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and the Working Group "Close-Range Photogrammetry", Chairman of the former OEEPE (The European Organization for Experimental Photogrammetric Research) now EuroSDR (European Spatial Data Research)  Working Group ”Spatial Data Quality Management", invited member of the IAG (International Association of Geodesy) Working Group IV "Applications of Geodesy to Engineering", vice-chairman of the FIG (International Federation of Surveyors) Working Group 5.3 "Cinematic and Integrated Positioning Systems" and corresponding member of the German Geodetic Commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences.

He is the initiator and co-organizer of the symposium series “Turkish–German Joint Geodetic Days” since 1995. He is also member of the American and German Societies for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

He is member of the UN expert group of the ad-hoc Committee of the UN Entity, SPIDER (Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergence Response) and chair of the JB GIS (Joint Board of Geospatial Information Societies) ad hoc Committee on Risk and Disaster Management.

He is also Corresponding Member of the International Academy of Astronautics.

He was Ordinary Member of the Executive Board of The ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites / ISPRS Committee for Documentation of Cultural Heritage (CIPA) for the period 2000-2005. He was also Symposium Director of the XIXth CIPA Symposium in ANTALYA/TURKEY in 2003.

He worked as “Guest Professor” in Stuttgart, Berlin, Munich Technical Universities (Germany) and ETH-Zurich (Switzerland) during the period 1990-2005.

In the ISPRS Congress in Amsterdam he was nominated as the Congress Director of the ISPRS Congress in 2004 in Istanbul. At the Congress in Istanbul in July 2004 he was elected as the Secretary General of ISPRS for the period 2004-2008. At the last ISPRS Congress in Beijing in 2008 he was elected as the President of ISPRS for the period 2008-2012.

He has been a Council Member of the International Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) since 2000. He has published more than 150 papers in Turkish, German and English in Domestic and International Journals. He is editor or co-editor of more than 16 International Books.

His main working areas are Digital and Architectural Photogrammetry, Spatial Information Systems and Deformation Measurements.

He is married, has one daughter and one son.

 

Maria Carla Galavotti

History and Philosophy of Science (IUHPS)

Maria Carla Galavotti was born in Ferrara (Italy) on April 26, 1947. She graduated in Philosophy from the University of Bologna in 1970, and is currently Full Professor of Philosophy of Science at the Department of Philosophy of Bologna University. She is a Life member of the Center for the Philosophy of Science of the University of Pittsburgh and of Clare Hall College, Cambridge (UK). During her career Prof. Galavotti has been Visiting Fellow at a number of prestigious institutions worldwide, including the Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI) of Stanford University, the Department of Philosophy of Princeton University, the Center for the Philosophy of Science of the University of Pittsburgh, the Department of History and Philosophy of Science of Cambridge University and the Centre for Time of the University of Sydney.

She is member of the editorial board of Erkenntnis; Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook, and the European Journal for Philosophy of Science.

Prof. Galavotti has produced original research on some of the central issues of contemporary philosophy of science, with special emphasis on the foundations of probability and statistics, the nature and limits of scientific explanation, prediction, and causation, and the role and structure of models in the natural and social sciences. She has also done historical work on key figures of the twentieth century foundational debate, and on the origins of the subjective interpretation of probability with the work of Frank Ramsey and Bruno de Finetti. Her collection of Frank Ramsey’s previously unpublished manuscripts entitled Notes on Philosophy, Probability and Mathematics (Naples: Bibliopolis, 1991) has been very well received. Galavotti’s list of publications comprises over 200 titles, including many articles in leading international peer-reviewed journals; the book Philosophical Introduction to Probability (Stanford: CSLI, 2005); and the collections Bruno de Finetti, Radical Probabilist (London: College Publications, 2009); Reasoning, Rationality, and Probability, (with R. Scazzieri and P. Suppes; Stanford: CSLI, 2008); Cambridge and Vienna, Frank P. Ramsey and the Vienna Circle (Dordrecht-Boston: Kluwer, 2006); Observation and Experiment in the Natural and Social Sciences (Dordrecht-Boston, Kluwer, 2003), Stochastic Causality, (with P. Suppes and D. Costantini; Stanford: CSLI, 2001). She is editor of the series The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective published by Springer.

From 2004 to 2011 Prof. Galavotti was Director of the Interdisciplinary Centre for Research in History and Philosophy of Science (CIRESS) of the University of Bologna. Between 2005 and 2011 she served as member of the Steering Committee of the European Philosophy of Science Association (EPSA). She belongs to the Scientific Committee of the Vienna International Summer University (VISU) since its creation in 2001, and is a member of the International Scientific Board of the Historical Commission for research on the history of Vienna University in the context of the 650th anniversary of its foundation.

Prof. Galavotti has also made steadfast efforts to strengthen philosophy of science in Europe establishing strong long-standing ties among scholars in the field. In that connection, between 2000 and 2003 she chaired the European Science Foundation Network “Philosophy of Science in a European perspective”, and is currently Chair of the ESF Scientific Networking Programme “The Philosophy of Science in Europe” (2008-2013), which gathers 80 researchers from 22 European countries (see the website http://www.pse-esf.org ).

She is also Chair of the HPS panel of the ERIH (European Reference Index for the Humanities) project of the European Science Foundation.

 

Dov Jaron

Physical and Engineering Science in Medicine (IUPESM)Dov Jaron

Dr. Jaron is Calhoun Distinguished Professor of Engineering in Medicine, School of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Health Systems at Drexel University in Philadelphia. He received his Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania in 1967. He served as Director of Surgical Research at Maimonides Medical Ctr in NY (1967-1970) and Sinai Hospital of Detroit (1970-1972).

In 1972 he joined the University of Rhode Island and in 1980 moved to Drexel University as Professor and, until 1996, Director of the Biomedical Engineering and Science Institute. Beginning in 1992, on a 2-year leave, he served as Director of the Division of Biological and Critical Systems at the NSF.  From 1996 to 1998, also on leave, he served at the NIH as Associate Director for the National Center for Research Resources and as Director of Biomedical Technology. He has held affiliated faculty appointments in numerous academic institutions.

Dr. Jaron’s research involves the integration of engineering techniques, mathematics and physiological data. His major contributions have been in development of systems approaches to the study of cardiovascular dynamics; mechanical cardiac assist devices; and transport mechanisms in the microcirculation.  He led the engineering team that developed the first successful in-series cardiac assist device, the intraaortic balloon pump (IABP), and pioneered its clinical application. Currently, the IABP is used routinely world wide to support patients‘ failing circulation. His recent research activities have been focused on elucidating specific complex mechanisms of the microcirculation by creating models that integrate biochemical and mechanical interactions in the system at different hierarchical levels. This research is aimed at providing an insight into the pathogenesis of microvascular dysfunction diseases. Dr. Jaron's research has resulted in close to 250 articles in archival journals, book chapters, and conference proceedings.  He has given a large number of invited talks around the globe.

In addition to his research activities, Dr. Jaron has made major contributions to the development of the biomedical engineering profession worldwide through his professional activities and service with the government. He has held many high level appointments in professional societies and advisory panels. He was Board member of the Biomedical Engineering Society (1983-1984); President of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (1986-1987); a founding member of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering (1984); President of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering (2000-2003); and Vice President of the International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine (IUPESM) from 2003-2006. Beginning with the 2002 ICSU GA in Rio, Dr. Jaron has been co-director of the trans-Union initiative on Science for Health and Well Being (SHWB) in which 12 ICSU Unions participated. He was a member of the ICSU Planning Group for the new ICSU program on “Health and Well Being in the Urban Environment: A Systems Analysis Approach”.

Dr. Jaron is a Fellow of the IEEE, the AAAS, the Academy of Surgical Research, the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, the Biomedical Engineering Society, the World Academy of Biomedical Technology, and the International Academy for Medical and Biological Engineering.  He has received numerous awards including, in 1998, the NIH Director’s award and in 2000 the IEEE Third Millennium Medal. In 2006 Dr. Jaron received the Merit Award from the International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine (IUPESM) -- the highest recognition awarded in this profession. In 2009 he was elected as a foreign member to the Polish Academy of Sciences.

 

Kennedy Reed

Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP)

Kennedy Reed is a physicist in the Theory/Modeling Group at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL).  He earned a B.S. at Monmouth College in Illinois, and a Ph.D. in physics at the University of Nebraska.  His research has involved various aspects of theoretical atomic physics including studies of polarization and production of inner-shell vacancies in ion–atom collisions, and investigations of atomic processes in high temperature plasmas. His work on electron collisions with positive ions contributed to new understanding of indirect contributions in electron-impact excitation and ionization of highly charged heavy ions.

He has been a visiting scientist at the Hahn-Meitner Institute in Germany and at University College London in the U.K., and has served on review panels for the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and the National Research Council.

He is a fellow of the American Physical Society (APS), and a member of the Optical Society of America.

Through the auspices of the International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste, he has been a visiting scientist at Universite Cheikh Anta Diop in Senegal and at the University of Cape Coast in Ghana, and through other international scientific organizations he has been involved with physical science programs in numerous other African countries.  He has served as vice chair of the APS Committee on International Scientific Affairs; chair of the IUPAP Commission on Physics for Development; and member of the National Academy of Science’s Board on international Scientific Organizations.  He has been a principal organizer of international physics conferences and workshops in Africa; and has organized and conducted extensive U.S. visits for African scientists, which included engagements at universities and laboratories throughout the U.S. and high-level meetings with representatives of U.S. scientific agencies in Washington DC. Some of these led to formal agreements for faculty and student exchanges between American and African institutions. In 2003 he received the APS John Wheatley Award for his contributions to Physics Research and Education in Africa.

Dr. Reed has been a leader in developing and directing national programs to encourage U.S. students to pursue advanced degrees and careers in the physical sciences. He is the founding director of the LLNL Research Collaborations Program for Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority Institutions - an innovative program that links Laboratory scientists with professors and students in forefront research that benefits the Laboratory and strengthens the research and training capabilities of the universities.  He is a co-founder of the National Physical Science Consortium (NPSC) - a national coalition of corporations, national laboratories and universities organized to provide fellowships to support graduate studies in the physical sciences. He has served on the APS Committee on Minorities in Physics; and as chair of the APS Bouchet Prize Committee.  In 2005 the California section of the American Physical Society created an award in honor of Dr. Reed, and annually presents the Kennedy Reed Award to recognize Excellence in Theoretical Research performed by graduate students.

In 2010, President Barak Obama awarded Dr. Reed the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science and Engineering Mentoring.  In 2011 he was awarded the distinction of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) fellow, in recognition of his important studies in atomic theory and successful efforts to increase minority participation in the physical sciences in the United States and Africa

From National Members

John Ball

United Kingdom

Sir John Ball is Sedleian Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Oxford, where he is Director of the Oxford Centre for Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations in the Mathematical Institute and a Fellow of The Queen’s College.

John Ball studied mathematics as an undergraduate at Cambridge University, and in 1972 obtained a DPhil in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Sussex. He moved to Oxford in 1996 after over 20 years at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh. His research areas include the calculus of variations, nonlinear elasticity, phase transformations in solids, infinite-dimensional dynamical systems, and liquid crystals. He proved the first existence theorem for energy minimizers in nonlinear elasticity under realistic assumptions on the material response, developed a rigorous theory of cavitation in solids, and with Richard James (University of Minnesota) formulated a widely-used model for martensitic microstructures. He introduced new methods for studying the long-time asymptotic behaviour of solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations and the existence of corresponding global attractors. More recently he has contributed to the mathematical understanding of the Landau –  de Gennes theory of liquid crystals.

His research has been recognized by many awards, including the 1999 Theodore von Kármán Prize of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, the first (2003) David Crighton Medal jointly awarded by the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications and the London Mathematical Society, the 2006 Royal Medal of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and the 2009 Sylvester Medal of the Royal Society. He is the recipient of honorary doctorates from the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Heriot-Watt University, the University of Edinburgh, the University of Sussex, the Université de Montpellier II, and the Université Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, a member of  Academia Europaea, and a Foreign Member of the French Academy of Sciences, the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, and the Istituto Lombardo. He was knighted in 2006 for services to science.

From 2002-06 John Ball was President of the International Mathematical Union, and subsequently chaired the IMU Committee on Electronic Information and Communication. As IMU President he actively promoted the support of mathematics in developing countries and has a continuing involvement in such development projects. He has been a member of the Council of the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, and President of the Edinburgh and London Mathematical Societies. He is currently the Chair of the Scientific Steering Committee for the Isaac Newton Institute of Mathematical Sciences in Cambridge and is a member of the Scientific Councils of CNRS and of Électricité de France.

 

Luiz Davidovich

Brazil

Dr. Luiz Davidovich is Professor of Physics at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, member of the Executive Board of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, and member of the Board of the InterAcademy Council (IAC). He got his Ph. D. at the University of Rochester in 1975, and has worked since then in quantum optics and quantum information.

His major contributions are in the topics of decoherence, entanglement, laser theory, and quantum metrology. He has analyzed in detail the role of the environment in the dynamics of quantum coherence and quantum entanglement, and also in quantum metrology, contributing with theoretical developments and proposals for experiments, which have been performed in Europe and by his own group in Brazil. He has collaborated on these themes with many scientists in Latin America, Europe, and the United States, as visiting researcher in several institutions. He was the Head of the Brazilian Institute for Quantum Information from 2002 to 2006, and served on the Editorial Board of several scientific journals.

Besides these activities, Prof. Davidovich is involved in Science and Education Policies, and has been member of Advisory Committees of the Ministries of Science and Technology and of Education and their agencies. He was Secretary-General of the 4th. Brazilian National Conference on Science, Technology, and Innovation for a Sustainable Development, held in Brasilia, Brazil, in May 2010. He is also interested in international cooperation and in the role of academies in advising national governments and international organizations. He has played an active role in the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS), as chair of the Physics Prize Committee and of the Membership Physics Committee. He has also been member and chair of Optical Society of America Prize Committees.

He was elected as foreign associate to the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America in 2006. In 2000, he was awarded the Brazilian Grand-Cross of the National Order of Scientific Merit. He won the 2001 Physics Prize of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS). He also won, in 2010, the most important prize for science in Brazil, the Admiral Alvaro Alberto prize, awarded by the Brazilian National Research Council. He is a fellow of the Optical Society of America.

 

Nicole Moreau

France

photo1.JPGProfessor Moreau’s research have focused on several interests along her career, since, after ten years of reseach in organic synthesis and structure elucidation - terpenes, steroïds and sugars – she moved to the interface between chemistry and biochemistry. She was interested in the mode of action of several antibiotics and the way bacteria can resist, and successfully designed the first purification, using affinity chromatography, of enzymes that inactivate aminoglycoside antibiotics. While in this domain, she developed a medium throughput screening system in order to find molecules able to be active against resistant bacteria, for instance inhibitors of efflux pumps or of inactivating enzymes. This work led her to expand her expertise in molecular pharmacology, structure-activity relationships and synthesis of analogues of active compounds together with molecular modeling and docking calculations. She recently launched, with CNRS, the "National library of chemical compounds and natural extracts", in order to add value to academic chemists' synthesis and extraction work. The screening activity also gave her many opportunities of international collaboration.

Professor Moreau received an M.S. in physical chemistry from the University of Paris (Sorbonne), then a doctorate in physical sciences (chemistry distinction) from Orsay University. In 1973, she was a postdoctoral fellow in the laboratory of Dr. J. S. Pitton at the Medical Microbiology Institute in Geneva, Switzerland.

N. Moreau began service with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), where she was ‘directeur de recherche’ from 1979 to 1992. From 1993, she has been a full professor at University of Paris 6 (Pierre and Marie Curie), and in 1999, at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris (ENSCP), where she is responsible for teaching at the interface Chemistry-Life Sciences and the leader of the Laboratory of Biochemistry, where she has supervised more than 40 PhD and 10 post-doctoral fellows

N. Moreau has held a number of leadership positions with leading chemistry institutions. She has served as chargé de mission, then deputy director of the drug department at the State Department of Research. From 1993, she has served in the chemistry department of CNRS, chargé de mission (1993-1997), then deputy director (1998-2003). She was a member of CNRS delegations to South Korea, Madagascar, South Africa, Vietnam, India, as well as in French Guyana, for natural substances. In 2006, she was in charge, for the International relationships Direction of CNRS, of the organization of a summer school on medicinal chemistry in Vietnam. She was secretary (1989-97), then president (1997-99) of EUCHEM, European Chemistry; President of GESA, Group of Structure-Activity Relationships Study (1990).

In addition, she is a long-time member of the French Chemical Society – and member of its Administration Committee, the French Microbiology Society, and the French Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Society. She is the scientific secretary of the Grand Prix of the International Foundation of la Maison de la Chimie. She is currently Secretary General of the French Committee for Chemistry.

She has been awarded the Grand Prix of the Academy of Pharmacy. In 2011 she was awarded the Légion d'Honneur from the Minister of Research and Education.

N. Moreau has been for several years a French representative at IUPAC Council. In 2000 she has been an elected member of the Bureau and also a member of the Project Committee. Since 2005, she has been a member of the Executive Committee. In 2007 she has been elected vice President and is currently President of IUPAC. She has served as Vice President and currently is Secretary General of the French National Committee for Chemistry (IUPAC NAO). She has been a member of the French delegation since 1995.

 

Guoxiong Wu

China: CAST

Prof. Guoxiong Wu was born in Canton, China in 1943. He received his Ph.D. in meteorology from Imperial College of Science and Technology, London University in 1983. He served as Director of Key Laboratory of Numerical Experiment for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (LASG), Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP), CAS from 1993 to 2000.

He returned to China and joined LASG/IAP in 1985 and has been a professor till now. He worked as weather forecast engineer at the Central Weather Observatory of Northwest China from 1967 to 1978, a visiting scientist at the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) from 1983 to 1984, and Senior visiting Research Professor at Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) of Princeton University from 1989 to 1991. He is one of the world top meteorologists who possess both solid mathematical and physical bases, and rich practical experiences. In 1997, he was elected the Academician of CAS and Life Tenure Professor.

Prof. Wu’s research involves weather and climate dynamics, including numerical modeling and data diagnosis. He has developed a complete form of vertical vorticity tendency equation in which the impacts of internal thermal structure of the atmosphere and external forcing have all been included. Based on this and the conservation of Ertel potential vorticity, he developed the theory of Slantwise Vorticity Development (SVD) to explain the explosive development of weather systems such as the Southwest Vortex and torrential rain, and a series of theory for the development of subtropical anticyclone and the co-existence of subtropical monsoon and desert. He promoted the study of the Chinese meteorologists on the impacts of Tibetan Plateau on weather and climate, particularly on the onsets of the Asian summer monsoon, and for the first time pointed out that the onsets are divided into three stages. He proved that due to the strong baroclinity and geostrophy, air-sea interaction in mid- and high-latitudes possesses different characteristics compared with that in tropics. By using numerical modeling, Prof. Wu and his colleagues simulated the spatial and temporal distributions of typhoon, and found the mechanism linking the annual typhoon frequency to ENSO, which has been internationally recognized. Prof. Wu’s research has resulted in more than 200 peer-reviewed papers published. He has given a large number of invited talks across the world.

Over the past 20 years, Prof. Wu has been actively involved in the international climate community. Some of his high level appointments in professional societies and international journals include: president of International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (IAMAS) from 2007-2011, Officer of WMO/ICO/ICSU Joint Science Committee (JSC), World Climate Research Program (WCRP) from 2005-2010, and Editor of Climate Dynamics since 2000, etc. He has been PI of many major climate related projects in China and he is currently the Chairman of the Science Steering Group of the National Key Science Research Program on Global Change funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China.

by Jacinta Legg

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